Corns and calluses are very painful – but very common – foot conditions. They are characterised by a thick build-up of skin that forms on pressure points in the foot. Feet generally develop corns on the tops or sides the toes. Calluses tend to form underneath the foot.
What Are Corns And Calluses?
Corns and calluses are hard, thick and dry areas of skin that form on pressure points. They can cause pain and discomfort when you walk. Calluses are generally yellow or pale in colour and can be quite large in size. They commonly develop on the ball of your foot. Corns are generally smaller in size and there are a number of different types. Common corn types include hard and soft corns – whilst seed corns, vascular corns and fibrous corns are less common. Soft corns can become infected if left untreated.
What Causes Corns and Calluses?
Feet develop corns and calluses in areas of friction or pressure. People who have bony feet, wear badly fitting shoes or who stand on their feet all day are more at risk. You may also develop corns if you have bunions or hammertoe, as these conditions can cause rubbing against your footwear. Women are much more likely to develop corns and calluses than men. Both conditions are less common in younger people.
Corn and Callus Treatment
We can safely remove corns and calluses using lotions, surgical techniques or debridement, which refers to the removal of dead skin using an abrasive action. Wearing supportive shoes with a wide toe box and a low heel can help alleviate these conditions. It is important to seek treatment for corns and calluses, as they can sometimes become ulcerated.
If you have corns or calluses on your feet, please contact us to arrange an appointment with a podiatrist